The Development of Social Cognition Laboratory    

at The University of Chicago

Academic Publications

for general audience and press pieces, see: News and Media


How You Say It: Why You Talk the Way You Do—and What It Says About You

July 2020, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt

Journal Articles



Santhanagopalan, R., Keysar, B., Kinzler, K.D. (in press). Young children enlarge the pie: Antecedents of negotiation skills. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General. [pdf]


Heck, I.A., Shutts, K., & Kinzler, K.D. (2022). Children’s thinking about group-based social hierarchies.Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 26(7), 593–606. [pdf]


DeJesus, J. M., Santhanagopalan, R., & Kinzler, K. D. (2022). Experimental methods to elicit language attitudes among children. In R. Kircher & L. Zipp (Eds.), Research Methods in Language Attitudes.


Santhanagopalan, R., Heck, I.A, & Kinzler, K.D. (2021). Leadership, Gender, and Colorism: Children in India use social category information to guide leadership cognition. Developmental Science, 25(3), e13212. [pdf]


Liberman, Z., Kinzler, K.D., & Woodward, A.L. (2021). Origins of homophily: Infants expect people with shared preferences to affiliate. Cognition, 212. [pdf]


DeJesus, J.M., Venkatesh, S., & Kinzler, K.D. (2021). Young children’s ability to make predictions about novel illnesses. Child Development, 92, e817-e831. [pdf]


Heck, I.A., Bas, J., & Kinzler, K.D. (2021). Small groups lead, big groups control: Perceptions of numerical group size, power, and status across development. Child Development, 93(1), 194–208. [pdf]


Heck, I.A., Santhanagopalan, R., Cimpian, A., & Kinzler, K.D. (2021). An integrative developmental framework for studying gender inequities in politics. Psychological Inquiry, 32(2), 137-152. [pdf] 


Heck, I.A., Santhanagopalan, R., Cimpian, A., & Kinzler, K.D. (2021). Understanding the developmental roots of gender gaps in politics. Psychological Inquiry, 32(2), 53-71. [pdf]


Heck, I.A., Bregant, J., & Kinzler, K.D. (2021). “There are no Band-Aids for emotions”: The development of thinking about emotional harm. Developmental Psychology, 57(6), 913-926. [pdf]


Kinzler, K.D. (2021).  Language as a social cue. Annual Review of Psychology, 72, 241–64. [pdf]



Heck, I.A., Kushnir, T., & Kinzler, K.D. (2021). Social sampling: Children track social choices to reason about status hierarchies. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 150(8), 1673–1687. [pdf]

Santhanagopalan, R., DeJesus, J. M., Moorthy, R. S., & Kinzler, K. D. (2021). Nationality cognition in India: Social category information impacts children’s judgments of people and their national identity. Cognitive Development, 57, 100990. [pdf]


Gruber, J., Mendle, J., Lindquist, K. A., Schmader, T., Clark, L. A., Bliss-Moreau, E., Akinola, M., . . . Williams, L. A. (2020). The future of women in psychological science. Perspectives on Psychological Science. Advance online publication. [pdf] 


Liberman, Z., Gerdin, E., Kinzler, K.D., & Shaw, A. (2020). (Un)common knowledge: Children use social relationships to determine who knows what. Developmental Science. doi: 10.1111/desc.12962 [pdf]


Gaither, S., Fan, S., & Kinzler, K.D. (2020). Thinking about multiple identities boosts children’s flexible thinking. Developmental Science, 23(1), pp. e0012871 [pdf]


DeJesus, J.M., Du, K.M., Shutts, K., & Kinzler, K.D. (2019). How information about what is “healthy” versus “unhealthy” impacts children’s consumption of otherwise identical foods. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 148(12), 2091-2103. [pdf]


DeJesus, J.M., Gerdin, E., Sullivan, K.R., & Kinzler, K.D. (2019). Children judge others based on their food choices. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 179, 143-161. [pdf]


DeJesus, J.M., Liberman, Z., & Kinzler, K.D. (2019). Early origins of identity: Infants’ and children’s thinking about language and culture. Zero to Three Journal, 39(1), 10-16. [pdf]


Anderson, R.A., Pizarro, D., & Kinzler, K.D. (2018). Reacting to transcendence: The psychology of moral praise. In Frey, J.A & Vogler, C. Eds., Self-Transcendence and Virtue: Perspectives from Philosophy, Psychology, and Theology (Routledge Studies in Ethics and Moral Theory).


DeJesus, J., Dautel, J., Hwang, H.G., Park, C., & Kinzler, K.D. (2018).  American=English-speaker before American=White. The development of children’s reasoning about nationality. Child Development, 89, 1752-1767. [pdf]


Kinzler, K.D. & Shutts, K. (2018). Stronger together.  Nature, 560, 673. [pdf]


Liberman, Z., & Kinzler, K. D. (2018). Understanding the development of folk-economic beliefs.  Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 41, e177.


DeJesus, J. M., Shutts, K., & Kinzler, K. D. (2018). Mere social knowledge impacts children’s consumption and categorization of foods. Developmental Science, 21(5) e12627. [pdf]


Dautel, J. & Kinzler, K.D. (2018). Once a French-speaker, always a French-speaker? Bilingual children’s reasoning about the malleability of language. Cognitive Science, 42, 287-302. [pdf]


DeJesus, J.M., Kinzler, K.D., & Shutts, K. (2018). Food cognition and nutrition knowledge. In J.C. Lumeng & J.O. Fisher (Eds.), Pediatric food preferences and eating behaviors. Elsevier.


Liberman, Z., Kinzler, K.D., & Woodward, A. (2018).  The early social significance of shared ritual actions. Cognition, 171, 42-51[pdf]


DeJesus, J., Dautel, J., Hwang, H.G., & Kinzler, K.D. (2017). Bilingual children’s social preferences hinge on accent. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 164, 178-191. [pdf]


Liberman, Z., Woodward, A., & Kinzler, K.D. (2017).  The origins of social categorization. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 21, 556-586. [pdf]


Kinzler, K.D. & Liberman, Z. (2017).  Infants’ inferences about language are social.  The Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 114, E3753-E3754. [pdf]


Liberman, Z., Woodward, A.L., & Kinzler, K.D. (2017). Preverbal infants infer third-party social structure based on linguistic group. Cognitive Science, 41, 622-634. [pdf]


Liberman, Z., Woodward, A.L. Keysar, B. & Kinzler, K.D. (2017). Exposure to multiple languages enhances communication skills in infancy. Developmental Science, 20 (1), 1-11. [pdf]


Kinzler, K.D. (2017).  Habituation.  In Brockman, J. (Ed.) This idea is brilliant: Lost, overlooked, and underappreciated scientific concepts everyone should know.  Harper Perennial, New York.


Bregant, J., Shaw, A., & Kinzler, K.D. (2016). Intuitive jurisprudence: Early reasoning about the functions of punishment. Journal of Empirical Legal Studies13, 693-717. [pdf]


Liberman, Z., Sullivan, K., Woodward, A., & Kinzler, K.D. (2016). Early emerging system for reasoning about the social nature of food. The Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 113, 9480-9485. [pdf]


Fan, S., Liberman, Z., Keysar, B., & Kinzler, K.D. (2015). The exposure advantage: Early exposure to a multilingual environment promotes effective communication. Psychological Science, 26, 1090- 1097. [pdf]


DeJesus, J., Shutts, K., & Kinzler, K.D. (2015). Eww she sneezed! Contamination context affects children’s food preferences and consumption. Appetite, 87, 303-309. [pdf]


Kinzler, K.D. & Sullivan, K. (2014). Is it about “pink” or about “girls”? The inherence heuristic across social and nonsocial domains. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 37, 494. [pdf]


Liberman, Z., Kinzler, K.D., & Woodward, A.L. (2014). Friends or Foes: Infants use shared evaluations to infer others’ social relationships. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 143, 966-971. [pdf]


Kinzler, K.D. & Vaish, A. (2014). Political Infants? Developmental origins of the negativity bias. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 37, 318.


DeJesus, J.M., Rhodes, M., & Kinzler, K.D. (2014). Evaluations versus expectations: Children’s divergent beliefs about resource distribution. Cognitive Science, 38, 178-193. [pdf]


Kinzler, K.D., & DeJesus, J.M. (2013). Northern=smart and Southern=nice: The development of accent attitudes in the U.S. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 66, 1146-1158. [pdf]


Kinzler, K.D. (2013). The development of language as a social category. In M.R. Banaji & S.A. Gelman (Eds.), Navigating the social world: What infants, children, and other species can teach us. New York: Oxford University Press.


Kinzler, K.D., & DeJesus, J.M. (2013). Children’s sociolinguistic evaluations of nice foreigners and mean Americans. Developmental Psychology, 49, 655-664. [pdf]


Corriveau, K., Kinzler, K.D. & Harris, P. (2013). Accuracy trumps accent in children’s endorsement of object labels. Developmental Psychology, 49, 470-479. [pdf]


Shutts, K., Kinzler, K.D., & DeJesus, J. (2013). Understanding infants’ and children’s social learning about foods: Previous research and new prospects. Developmental Psychology, 49, 419-425. [pdf]


Michalska, K.J., Kinzler, K.D. & Decety, J. (2013). Age-related sex differences in explicit measures of empathy do not predict brain responses across childhood and adolescence. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, 3, 22-32. [pdf]


Kinzler, K.D. (2012). A comment on Cohen’s “The evolution of tag-based cooperation in humans: the case for accent”. Current Anthropology, 53, 607. [pdf]


Olson, K., Shutts, K., Kinzler, K., & Weisman, K. (2012). Children associate racial groups with wealth: Evidence from South Africa. Child Development, 83, 1884-1899. [pdf]


Kinzler, K.D., Shutts, K., & Spelke, E.S. (2012). Language-based social preferences among children in South Africa. Language Learning and Development, 8, 215-232. [pdf]


Baltazar, N.C., Shutts, K., & Kinzler, K.D. (2012). Children show heightened memory for threatening social actions. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 112, 102-110. [pdf]


Kinzler, K.D., & Dautel, J. (2012). Children’s essentialist reasoning about language and race. Developmental Science, 15, 131-138. [pdf]


Kinzler, K.D., Dupoux, E., & Spelke, E.S. (2012). ‘Native’ objects and collaborators: Infants’ object choices and acts of giving reflect favor for native over foreign speakers. Journal of Cognition and Development, 13, 67-81. [pdf]


Decety, J., Michalska, K.J., & Kinzler, K.D. (2012). The contribution of emotion and cognition to moral sensitivity: A neurodevelopmental study. Cerebral Cortex, 22, 209-220. [pdf]


Shutts, K., Kinzler, K.D., Katz, R., Tredoux, C., & Spelke, E.S. (2011). Race preferences in children: Insights from South Africa. Developmental Science, 14, 1283-1291. [pdf]


Decety, J., Michalska, K. J., & Kinzler, K. D. (2011). The developmental neuroscience of moral sensitivity. Emotion Review, 3, 305-307. [pdf]


Kinzler, K.D., & Spelke, E.S. (2011). Do infants show social preferences for people differing in race? Cognition, 119, 1-9. [pdf]


Kinzler, K.D., Corriveau, K.H., & Harris, P.L (2011). Children’s selective trust in native-accented speakers. Developmental Science, 14, 106-111. [pdf]


Kinzler, K.D., Shutts, K., & Correll, J. (2010). Priorities in social categories. European Journal of Social Psychology: Special Issue: Children’s Intergroup Attitudes, 40, 581-592. [pdf]


Kinzler, K.D., Shutts, K., DeJesus, J., & Spelke, E.S. (2009). Accent trumps race in guiding children’s social preferences. Social Cognition, 27, 623-634. [pdf]


Spelke, E.S., & Kinzler, K.D. (2009). Innateness, learning, and rationality. Child Development Perspectives, 3, 96-98. [pdf]


Darcy, I., Ramus, F., Christophe, A., Kinzler, K., & Dupoux, E. (2009). Phonological knowledge in compensation for native and non-native assimilation. In: F. Kugler, C. Fery, & R. van der Vijver (Eds.) Variation and Gradience in Phonetics and Phonology. Mouton De Gruyter. [pdf]


Shutts, K., Kinzler, K.D., McKee, C., & Spelke, E.S. (2009). Social information guides infants’ selection of foods. Journal of Cognition and Development, 10, 1-17. [pdf]


Kinzler, D.K., & Shutts, K. (2008). Memory for “mean” over “nice”: The influence of threat on children’s face memory. Cognition, 107, 775-783. [pdf]


Shutts, K., & Kinzler, K.D. (2007). An ambiguous-race illusion in children’s face memory. Psychological Science, 18, 763-767. [pdf]


Kinzler, K.D., Dupoux, E., & Spelke, E.S. (2007). The native language of social cognition. The Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 104, 12577-12580. [pdf]


Spelke, E.S. & Kinzler, K.D. (2007). Core Knowledge. Developmental Science, 10, 89-96. [pdf]