The Development of Social Cognition Laboratory    

at The University of Chicago

Academic Publications

for general audience and press pieces, see: News and Media


How You Say It: Why You Talk the Way You Do—and What It Says About You

July 2020, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt


Journal Articles

King, R.A., Jordan, A., Liberman, Z., Kinzler, K.D. & Shutts, K. (2023). Children apply the homophily principle to their reasoning about social relationships. Developmental Psychology, 59(5), 928-939. [pdf]


Anderson, R.A., Heck, I.A., Young, K., & Kinzler, K.D. (2023). Development of beliefs about censorship. Cognition, 238, 105500. [pdf]


Heck, I.A.,  Kushnir, T., Kinzler, K.D. (2023). Building representations of the social world: Children extract patterns from social choices to reason about multi-group hierarchies. Developmental Science, E13366. [pdf]


Santhanagopalan, R., Keysar, B., Kinzler, K.D. (2022). Young children enlarge the pie: Antecedents of negotiation skills. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General. 151(11):2788-2811. [pdf]


Heck, I.A., Shutts, K., & Kinzler, K.D. (2022). Children’s thinking about group-based social hierarchies.Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 26(7), 593–606. [pdf]


DeJesus, J. M., Santhanagopalan, R., & Kinzler, K. D. (2022). Experimental methods to elicit language attitudes among children. In R. Kircher & L. Zipp (Eds.), Research Methods in Language Attitudes.


Santhanagopalan, R., Heck, I.A, & Kinzler, K.D. (2021). Leadership, Gender, and Colorism: Children in India use social category information to guide leadership cognition. Developmental Science, 25(3), e13212. [pdf]


Liberman, Z., Kinzler, K.D., & Woodward, A.L. (2021). Origins of homophily: Infants expect people with shared preferences to affiliate. Cognition, 212, 104695. [pdf]


DeJesus, J.M., Venkatesh, S., & Kinzler, K.D. (2021). Young children’s ability to make predictions about novel illnesses. Child Development, 92(5), e817-e831. 10.1111/cdev.13655 [pdf]


Heck, I.A., Bas, J., & Kinzler, K.D. (2021). Small groups lead, big groups control: Perceptions of numerical group size, power, and status across development. Child Development, 93(1), 194–208. [pdf]


Heck, I.A., Santhanagopalan, R., Cimpian, A., & Kinzler, K.D. (2021). An integrative developmental framework for studying gender inequities in politics. Psychological Inquiry, 32(2), 137-152. Response to Commentaries [pdf] 


Heck, I.A., Santhanagopalan, R., Cimpian, A., & Kinzler, K.D. (2021). Understanding the developmental roots of gender gaps in politics. Psychological Inquiry, 32(2), 53-71. Target Article. [pdf]


Heck, I.A., Bregant, J., & Kinzler, K.D. (2021). “There are no Band-Aids for emotions”: The development of thinking about emotional harm. Developmental Psychology, 57(6), 913-926. [pdf]


Kinzler, K.D. (2021).  Language as a social cue. Annual Review of Psychology, 72, 241–64. [pdf]


Heck, I.A., Kushnir, T., & Kinzler, K.D. (2021). Social sampling: Children track social choices to reason about status hierarchies. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 150(8), 1673–1687. doi: 10.1037/xge0001008 [pdf]


Santhanagopalan, R., DeJesus, J. M., Moorthy, R. S., & Kinzler, K. D. (2021). Nationality cognition in India: Social category information impacts children’s judgments of people and their national identity. Cognitive Development, 57, 100990. [pdf]


Gruber, J., Mendle, J., Lindquist, K. A., Schmader, T., Clark, L. A., Bliss-Moreau, E., Akinola, M., . . . Williams, L. A. (2020). The future of women in psychological science. Perspectives on Psychological Science. [pdf] 


Liberman, Z., Gerdin, E., Kinzler, K.D., & Shaw, A. (2020). (Un)common knowledge: Children use social relationships to determine who knows what. Developmental Science. doi: 10.1111/desc.12962 [pdf]


Gaither, S., Fan, S., & Kinzler, K.D. (2020). Thinking about multiple identities boosts children’s flexible thinking. Developmental Science, 23(1), pp. e0012871 [pdf]


DeJesus, J.M., Du, K.M., Shutts, K., & Kinzler, K.D. (2019). How information about what is “healthy” versus “unhealthy” impacts children’s consumption of otherwise identical foods. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 148(12), 2091-2103. [pdf]


DeJesus, J.M., Gerdin, E., Sullivan, K.R., & Kinzler, K.D. (2019). Children judge others based on their food choices. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 179, 143-161. [pdf]


DeJesus, J.M., Liberman, Z., & Kinzler, K.D. (2019). Early origins of identity: Infants’ and children’s thinking about language and culture. Zero to Three Journal, 39(1), 10-16. [pdf]


Anderson, R.A., Pizarro, D., & Kinzler, K.D. (2018). Reacting to transcendence: The psychology of moral praise. In Frey, J.A & Vogler, C. Eds., Self-Transcendence and Virtue: Perspectives from Philosophy, Psychology, and Theology (Routledge Studies in Ethics and Moral Theory).


DeJesus, J., Dautel, J., Hwang, H.G., Park, C., & Kinzler, K.D. (2018).  American=English-speaker before American=White. The development of children’s reasoning about nationality. Child Development, 89, 1752-1767. [pdf]


Kinzler, K.D. & Shutts, K. (2018). Stronger together.  Nature, 560, 673. [pdf]


Liberman, Z., & Kinzler, K. D. (2018). Understanding the development of folk-economic beliefs.  Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 41, e177.


DeJesus, J. M., Shutts, K., & Kinzler, K. D. (2018). Mere social knowledge impacts children’s consumption and categorization of foods. Developmental Science, 21(5) e12627. [pdf]


Dautel, J. & Kinzler, K.D. (2018). Once a French-speaker, always a French-speaker? Bilingual children’s reasoning about the malleability of language. Cognitive Science, 42, 287-302. [pdf]


DeJesus, J.M., Kinzler, K.D., & Shutts, K. (2018). Food cognition and nutrition knowledge. In J.C. Lumeng & J.O. Fisher (Eds.), Pediatric food preferences and eating behaviors. Elsevier.


Liberman, Z., Kinzler, K.D., & Woodward, A. (2018).  The early social significance of shared ritual actions. Cognition, 171, 42-51[pdf]


DeJesus, J., Dautel, J., Hwang, H.G., & Kinzler, K.D. (2017). Bilingual children’s social preferences hinge on accent. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 164, 178-191. [pdf]


Liberman, Z., Woodward, A., & Kinzler, K.D. (2017).  The origins of social categorization. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 21, 556-586. [pdf]


Kinzler, K.D. & Liberman, Z. (2017).  Infants’ inferences about language are social.  The Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 114, E3753-E3754. [pdf]


Liberman, Z., Woodward, A.L., & Kinzler, K.D. (2017). Preverbal infants infer third-party social structure based on linguistic group. Cognitive Science, 41, 622-634. [pdf]


Liberman, Z., Woodward, A.L. Keysar, B. & Kinzler, K.D. (2017). Exposure to multiple languages enhances communication skills in infancy. Developmental Science, 20 (1), 1-11. [pdf]


Kinzler, K.D. (2017).  Habituation.  In Brockman, J. (Ed.) This idea is brilliant: Lost, overlooked, and underappreciated scientific concepts everyone should know.  Harper Perennial, New York.


Bregant, J., Shaw, A., & Kinzler, K.D. (2016). Intuitive jurisprudence: Early reasoning about the functions of punishment. Journal of Empirical Legal Studies13, 693-717. [pdf]


Liberman, Z., Sullivan, K., Woodward, A., & Kinzler, K.D. (2016). Early emerging system for reasoning about the social nature of food. The Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 113, 9480-9485. [pdf]


Fan, S., Liberman, Z., Keysar, B., & Kinzler, K.D. (2015). The exposure advantage: Early exposure to a multilingual environment promotes effective communication. Psychological Science, 26, 1090- 1097. [pdf]


DeJesus, J., Shutts, K., & Kinzler, K.D. (2015). Eww she sneezed! Contamination context affects children’s food preferences and consumption. Appetite, 87, 303-309. [pdf]


Kinzler, K.D. & Sullivan, K. (2014). Is it about “pink” or about “girls”? The inherence heuristic across social and nonsocial domains. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 37, 494. [pdf]


Liberman, Z., Kinzler, K.D., & Woodward, A.L. (2014). Friends or Foes: Infants use shared evaluations to infer others’ social relationships. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 143, 966-971. [pdf]


Kinzler, K.D. & Vaish, A. (2014). Political Infants? Developmental origins of the negativity bias. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 37, 318.


DeJesus, J.M., Rhodes, M., & Kinzler, K.D. (2014). Evaluations versus expectations: Children’s divergent beliefs about resource distribution. Cognitive Science, 38, 178-193. [pdf]


Kinzler, K.D., & DeJesus, J.M. (2013). Northern=smart and Southern=nice: The development of accent attitudes in the U.S. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 66, 1146-1158. [pdf]


Kinzler, K.D. (2013). The development of language as a social category. In M.R. Banaji & S.A. Gelman (Eds.), Navigating the social world: What infants, children, and other species can teach us. New York: Oxford University Press.


Kinzler, K.D., & DeJesus, J.M. (2013). Children’s sociolinguistic evaluations of nice foreigners and mean Americans. Developmental Psychology, 49, 655-664. [pdf]


Corriveau, K., Kinzler, K.D. & Harris, P. (2013). Accuracy trumps accent in children’s endorsement of object labels. Developmental Psychology, 49, 470-479. [pdf]


Shutts, K., Kinzler, K.D., & DeJesus, J. (2013). Understanding infants’ and children’s social learning about foods: Previous research and new prospects. Developmental Psychology, 49, 419-425. [pdf]


Michalska, K.J., Kinzler, K.D. & Decety, J. (2013). Age-related sex differences in explicit measures of empathy do not predict brain responses across childhood and adolescence. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, 3, 22-32. [pdf]


Kinzler, K.D. (2012). A comment on Cohen’s “The evolution of tag-based cooperation in humans: the case for accent”. Current Anthropology, 53, 607. [pdf]


Olson, K., Shutts, K., Kinzler, K., & Weisman, K. (2012). Children associate racial groups with wealth: Evidence from South Africa. Child Development, 83, 1884-1899. [pdf]


Kinzler, K.D., Shutts, K., & Spelke, E.S. (2012). Language-based social preferences among children in South Africa. Language Learning and Development, 8, 215-232. [pdf]


Baltazar, N.C., Shutts, K., & Kinzler, K.D. (2012). Children show heightened memory for threatening social actions. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 112, 102-110. [pdf]


Kinzler, K.D., & Dautel, J. (2012). Children’s essentialist reasoning about language and race. Developmental Science, 15, 131-138. [pdf]


Kinzler, K.D., Dupoux, E., & Spelke, E.S. (2012). ‘Native’ objects and collaborators: Infants’ object choices and acts of giving reflect favor for native over foreign speakers. Journal of Cognition and Development, 13, 67-81. [pdf]


Decety, J., Michalska, K.J., & Kinzler, K.D. (2012). The contribution of emotion and cognition to moral sensitivity: A neurodevelopmental study. Cerebral Cortex, 22, 209-220. [pdf]


Shutts, K., Kinzler, K.D., Katz, R., Tredoux, C., & Spelke, E.S. (2011). Race preferences in children: Insights from South Africa. Developmental Science, 14, 1283-1291. [pdf]


Decety, J., Michalska, K. J., & Kinzler, K. D. (2011). The developmental neuroscience of moral sensitivity. Emotion Review, 3, 305-307. [pdf]


Kinzler, K.D., & Spelke, E.S. (2011). Do infants show social preferences for people differing in race? Cognition, 119, 1-9. [pdf]


Kinzler, K.D., Corriveau, K.H., & Harris, P.L (2011). Children’s selective trust in native-accented speakers. Developmental Science, 14, 106-111. [pdf]


Kinzler, K.D., Shutts, K., & Correll, J. (2010). Priorities in social categories. European Journal of Social Psychology: Special Issue: Children’s Intergroup Attitudes, 40, 581-592. [pdf]


Kinzler, K.D., Shutts, K., DeJesus, J., & Spelke, E.S. (2009). Accent trumps race in guiding children’s social preferences. Social Cognition, 27, 623-634. [pdf]


Spelke, E.S., & Kinzler, K.D. (2009). Innateness, learning, and rationality. Child Development Perspectives, 3, 96-98. [pdf]


Darcy, I., Ramus, F., Christophe, A., Kinzler, K., & Dupoux, E. (2009). Phonological knowledge in compensation for native and non-native assimilation. In: F. Kugler, C. Fery, & R. van der Vijver (Eds.) Variation and Gradience in Phonetics and Phonology. Mouton De Gruyter. [pdf]


Shutts, K., Kinzler, K.D., McKee, C., & Spelke, E.S. (2009). Social information guides infants’ selection of foods. Journal of Cognition and Development, 10, 1-17. [pdf]


Kinzler, D.K., & Shutts, K. (2008). Memory for “mean” over “nice”: The influence of threat on children’s face memory. Cognition, 107, 775-783. [pdf]


Shutts, K., & Kinzler, K.D. (2007). An ambiguous-race illusion in children’s face memory. Psychological Science, 18, 763-767. [pdf]


Kinzler, K.D., Dupoux, E., & Spelke, E.S. (2007). The native language of social cognition. The Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 104, 12577-12580. [pdf]


Spelke, E.S. & Kinzler, K.D. (2007). Core Knowledge. Developmental Science, 10, 89-96. [pdf]